DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND: OPPORTUNITY AND CHALLENGE FOR YOUTH

Indonesia will promptly embrace the new era of Demographic Dividend where productive age group dominates the ideal population composition. As reported by Badan Pusat Statistik (2015), productive age group has taken up 67,3% from total 255,45 millions of people and it has been predicted to increase up to 68,1% in 2030. This rare moment causes the dependency ratio will be at its lowest point in 2035, which is 0,6%. It is a prospective opportunity for Indonesia to accomplish its goals. Productive age group, which consist of people in their youth, has a vital position and strategic responsibility to support all of the ongoing development activities. The number of people in their productive age is believed to be the engine of development and the engine of growth.

There are 3 important issues to be addressed by the government and other stakeholders in order to design policies regarding demographic dividend issues, which are: the availability of workforce, government’s saving, and the quality of human resources. Those issues require concrete strategies and policies. The participation of youth in overcoming those issues is very important. Their active participation is needed: not only about their awareness and understanding about demographic dividend issues, but also accomplish something to raise their competitiveness. As one of the attempt to increase the participation of youth and other stakeholders in responding to demographic dividend issues, Institute of Governance and Public Affairs (IGPA) UGM and Youth Studies Center (YouSure) initiate Demography Forum, which consists of Indonesian Debate Competition, International Conference, and Collaborative Research.

Indonesian Debate Competition provide the opportunity for high school students by aiming 3 main goals, which are:

  1. Increasing the awareness of youth about demographic dividend and its opportunities and challenges
  2. Mainstreaming demographic dividend issues to youth
  3. Promoting demographic dividend issues to youth and the importance of their response in overcoming the challenges of demographic dividend

DEBATE COMPETITION

Indonesian Debate Competition (IDC) 2017 has been held on 18-20 May 2017, which consisted of essay competition, debate competition, youth talkshow, photo contest, excursion, and awarding night. IDC 2017 has become dialectic sphere for critical thinking and effective speech to deliver ideas. There were 102 teams who shared their ideas in essay competition. From those participants, we selected 16 teams with best essays to participate in the debate competition, which came from 15 different cities in Indonesia. IDC 2017 was officially opened by Dr. Erwan Agus Purwanto, M.Si. as Dean of Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (FISIPOL) UGM and Muhammad Najib Azca, Ph.D. as Chairman of Demography Forum 2017. Located at West Hall FISIPOL UGM, the grand finals of debate competition resulted in SMA N 1 Jember as the winner, SMA N 3 Pontianak as runner-up, SMA N 3 Semarang as second runner-up, and SMA N 3 Pontianak as Best Speaker.

YOUTH TALKSHOW

Youth Talkshow has been held on 21 May 2017 located at West Hall FISIPOL UGM. In this event, the participant was not only given the opportunity to deliver their ideas about Demographic Dividend, but also to share their experience with inspiring youth from different field of works through Youth Talkshow. The talkshow was opened for public and there were more than 150 people participated in this event. For the talkshow, we invited Dedy Permadi (Managing Director Center for Digital Society UGM), Nur Agis Aulia (Founder of Jawara Banten Farm), Asri Meikawati (Owner of Coklat nDalem), Yudan Hermawan (Initiator of Pokdarwis Wirawisata Goa Pindul) and Latifah Nur Muslimah (Presenter of NET TV Jogja) as moderator.

EXCURSION

As closing event, we introduced the achievements from youth to the participants of IDC 2017 through excursion. All the participants visited one of tourism villages in Yogyakarta, which was Nglanggeran, Gunung Kidul (The Best Tourism Village ASEAN 2016).

PHOTO CONTEST

Photo Contest accommodated youth’s creativity, specifically in photography, to give their response towards demographic dividend issues. The participants of this contest uploaded photos related to the main theme, which was “Demographic Dividend: Youth for Indonesia” in their Instagram account with hashtag #GenerasiEmasBerdaya and #PartofBondem. Annisa Nur Purnama Sari was the winner of the photo contest, while Pandhit Pringgo Harjo and Sri Handayani Nasution was the runner-up and the second runner-up consecutively.

AWARDING NIGHT

Awarding Night was the peak event of Indonesian Debate Competition 2017. Forum Musik FISIPOL, SAKA UGM, Rampoe UGM, and some participants gave their best performance to enliven this event. With the main theme of “Yogyakarta”, we provided angkringan for public to enjoy. There was also photo booth for participants to take pictures together. The prize for all winners of debate competition was delivered by Dr. Erwan Agus Purwanto, M.Si as Dean of Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (FISIPOL) UGM, Dewi Cahyani Puspitasari, M.A. (Treasurer of YouSure), and Yuyun Purbokusumo, Ph.D. (Chairman of IGPA). The total of the prize was Rp 10.000.000 which consisted of Rp 4.000.000 for the winner, Rp 3.000.000 for the runner-up, Rp 2.000.000 for the second runner-up, and Rp 1.000.000 for Best Speaker.

MATUR NUWUN

Thank you for all instances and organizations who has granted their supports and collaboration in the event series of Demography Forum: Indonesian Debate Competition, which are Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI, BAPPEDA DIY, Disdikpora DIY, Visitama 17, Nglanggeran Gunungkidul Tourism Village, and media partners: PH Puspandanta Visual Ekspresi and RRI Pro 2 Jogja